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Cultural Celebrities of Islam and Iran



Abu Ali Basir

Abu Ali Fadl ibn Ja’far Anbari aka Basir was a blind Iranian poet and writer during the 2nd and 3rd centuries AH. Despite his blindness, he depicted his delicate and poetic taste by his nice descriptions of the nature and his surrounding environment. Abu Ali was also famous for writing short poems. He was also known for writing subtlety and maxims. He is the author of Rasa’i.

Mohammad Shinni

Abu Abdullah Mohammad ibn Ahmad Shinni was a mathematician during the 4th and 5th centuries AH. He was a contemporary of Biruni and Abul-Jud Mohammad ibn Layth, two of the greatest mathematicians. He is quoted twice by Hakim Umar Khayyam. He is also quoted by Abu Rayhan Biruni in his book Istikhraj al-Awtar several times for geometrical propositions. He is the author of Risala Kashf Tamwiyya Abi al-Jud.

Mashaallah

Misha ibn Athari Baghdadi aka Mashaallah was the Jewish astronomer of the 2nd century AH. He was engaged with the science of astronomy during the reign of Mansur and Ma’mun, the Abbasid caliphs. In issues in astronomy, he held the highest ranks in his time. He is the author of Kitab al-As’ar, Kitab fi Sun’at al-Usturlab, Al-Amtar wa al-Riyah, Tahwil Sin al-Mawalid, and Kitab al-Huruf.

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