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SCCR > Introduction

Introduction


 The Islamic Revolution of Iran, in the light of Imam Khomeini’s unique leadership and the unparalleled sacrifices and self-devotions of Iranian nation, brought about drastic changes and eye-catching developments in all fields and social scenes. This revolution was culminated to gain independence and Islamic-national magnificence in addition to putting an end to any disgrace imposed by foreigners. The Islamic Revolution of Iran paved the ground for the emergence of greater revolutions in all areas, among which cultural revolution is the most important and central one.
The major concerns that made Imam Khomeini (RA) issue a decree on establishment of the “Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution” and paved the ground for emergence of cultural revolution were the following:
Resistance against any foreign influence, cutting dependency on foreign powers, eliminating the undesirable atmosphere in the society that was devoid of revered human values, promoting independent Iranian and Islamic culture in the light of Islamic precepts, all-out development of Islamic culture and ethics, boosting intellectual and psychological health of the individuals, boosting spirituality and faith in the society, blooming thoughts and scientific development, and gaining self-sufficiency in the majority of social, economic, political, intellectual and cultural fields for an integrated Islamic society.
Undoubtedly, learned leader Imam Khomeini and Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei have always stressed and paid special attention to cultural affairs and the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution. In this connection the Supreme Leader once said: “I have always considered this council at the pinnacle of cultural decision-making from the beginning. Of course, these issues are different from politics, economy and foreign policy. The distinctive line is quite clear. This is culture, with all its vastness and influence that can exert on all aspects of life and standards of a government, society and nation. That pinnacle of cultural decision-making – meaning macro study and general cultural engineering in the country by the universities, public culture centers, schools, educational systems, textbooks, teacher training centers, industry and the like – must be designed at this council.”
Therefore, the vast scope of mission of the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution includes all fields and subfields of culture and science throughout the Islamic Republic of Iran. The council, then, is responsible for provision and ratification of principles, objectives, policies and programs for the scientific and cultural fields, provision of cultural engineering map of the country and updating this map, formulating map of science, provision and presentation of a plan to develop the educational system of the country, directing and reorganizing macro management in cultural, educational, research and media organizations, planning for vigilant counterattack against cultural assault by the enemies by purposeful use of efficient methods, monitoring developments in cultural, scientific, research and technological programs of the country and presenting workable strategies for each field.
This will be most vivid in cultural engineering field, where there must be a clear definition of culture, cultural policy, cultural engineering, engineering of culture, public culture, etc. In this field, cultural values, norms and movements must be monitored to identify the most important cultural indicators, and by in-depth study of these indicators the cultural engineering will help us remove cultural problems and present efficient strategies.
This book intends to introduce the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution, its activities, and approaches to the science and culture activists and to the interested general public. This is also to pave the ground for more constructive interaction, cooperation and collaboration between the elite and authorized organizations on one hand, and the council and secretariat of the council on the other hand. 
 
Mohammad Reza Mokhber Dezfuli
Secretary of the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution